of Florida

ELECTRONIC DESIGN ASSOCIATES

  A New Product Development Company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Design Steps Overview


The Phased Development Step Process
for Electronic Products

Development of new products requires that an orderly set of steps or "phases" be followed by the engineering, marketing, and manufacturing teams to avoid costly mistakes. Industry experience has demonstrated that it may cost three to ten times more to correct oversights, which should have been accomplished in a preceding phase. A summary of the primary phases, which have come to be generally accepted as an efficient development process, follows. Emphasis here is on the engineering design aspects, but they apply in principle to all company divisions such as marketing and finance.

PHASE ZERO: Introductory Phase

Initial product definition and "getting to know each other" phase. This phase also highlights major work tasks to be done.

PHASE ONE: Concept & Feasibility Study

A product is broadly defined based upon a perceived market need. Marketing and Engineering jointly determine market, technical and regulatory feasibility. Intense government regulations in most industries determine a design as much as market requirements.  Engineering may model high-risk subsystems to build needed technical confidence. They then issue a summary report of findings and a beginning product specification.

Deliverable: One or more technical study reports are created which typically summarizes study findings and attempts to define a preliminary product specification with sketches, etc.

PHASE TWO: First Prototype (Lab Proto / Alpha Proto)

A project team is selected, a kick-off meeting is held and product spec.'s are further defined along with regulatory requirements (U/L, IEC, EU, FDA, RoHS, etc.) A "lab-protoype" model is designed and built to assure design bugs are corrected before commitment to tooling. Documentation and computer "firmware/ software"  code are usually informal during this phase. Engineering and marketing meetings are held as needed to formalize a first working product specification. Industry experience has shown that many clients push to bypass this phase and rush to get the product tooled prematurely. This has proven to be a costly mistake! Occasionally, the product needs further definition in the "field" and then an "alpha" prototype is made and deployed to get real-world performance data. Thus, this Phase may sometimes be split into two distinct steps.

Deliverable: A Lab Prototype and/ or "alpha" working model, minimum documentation, a  more complete specification, and a summary report.

PHASE THREE: Production Prototypes

This Phase requires funding for parts, build, and tooling (plastic molds, PWB's, panel graphics, initial regulatory testing, etc.) for a small number of the product. The product team is expanded to include manufacturing personnel. The team creates a more detailed specification (and marketing focus group study, financial plans, etc.) Engineering then designs, documents, tools and procures sufficient parts to manufacture and test a small evaluation build (2 to 5 typical). These prototypes may be used for regulatory testing, marketing shows, etc. but are NOT usually sold.

Deliverable: Completed primary manufacturing documentation and 2 to 5 working prototypes. Initial regulatory agency test results and needed product changes are also completed, if applicable.

PHASE FOUR:  Pilot Production

The first fully controlled and documented products are made for initial sales during this phase. This is a vital phase for cooperation between engineering and the manufacturing company personnel. Typically ten to twenty products are made with responsibility gradually shifting from engineering to full manufacturing operations as engineering completes and debugs both the product and its documentation. Test procedures and test sets are needed to support manufacturing.

Deliverable: Complete manufacturing documentation, fully trained manufacturing personnel, test sets and a modest quantity of delivered product.

PHASE FIVE: Early Production

During this phase, manufacturing personnel largely handle the product's build and support. The documentation is placed under formal control (ECN's, DCO's, etc.) and engineering provides sign-off and review of any needed changes until the product is technically stable.

Contact EDA for a more detailed "Phased Development Steps" handout

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Electronic Design Associates
Tampa, FL 33626  USA

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(USA): 27n57, 82w28, Florida
www.EDAofFlorida.com

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